I’ve spent a lot of the last 6 months painting up some Polybian Romans in 15mm – photos of them will come in due course, but there comes a point where there are only so many Roman legionaries that I can paint. At the same time as I was reaching terminal boredom painting the legionaries, I also started thinking about doing a Runequest RPG campaign for the first time in about a decade – inspired by the new RuneQuest Glorantha rules that I picked up in the Autumn. I haven’t read them yet, so can’t really comment on how they play, but the seem pleasantly close to RQ2, and I love the way that they have used Rune affinities to copy the personality traits from Pendragon in a very RQ way.

One of the problems that I had last time playing Runequest was that most of my players, who are not really into reading up backrounds (or even paying attention during sessions sometimes) never really got their heads into Glorantha – they just sorta assumed it was another generic high fantasy world, and then got all confused when their assumptions about it clashed with ‘reality’ – what do you mean I can’t buy a horse in Prax?

So one of the things that I want to do before I start another campaign is to have a bunch of proper miniatures, because miniatures really help players understand what things look like, and everything in Glorantha looks different to what you expect, or at least a lot of things do.

I did a quick search on the internet, and discovered that there are new Glorantha miniatures being produced – more on them in a future post. But in the meantime I had a box of miniatures somewhere that I had picked up ages ago, a lot of which I hadn’t every painted. So I hauled them out and started painting them as a way of saving my sanity from painting more bl**dy Roman legionaries (1d6 SAN loss).

So the first set off the painting table are some dragonewts, which some kind soul gave me twenty or more years ago, when he heard I was playing Runequest. I can’t remember who my kind benefactor was, and I never painted them because the players never encountered any, but here, at long last, is my attempt at painting up some Lance and Laser dragonewts.

Originally designated as a dragonewt ‘noble’, whatever that is…

I have tried to make them as wierd and otherworldly as possible, in order to emphasise how strange they are.

Another ‘noble’

I tried to make the older looking ones (i.e. with more crests and frills) more colourful and exotic.

The third of the ‘nobles’
A ‘fighter’
Another ‘fighter’
‘And the ‘fighter with bow’And the ‘fighter with bow’
These are smaller and less ornate, so I assume should be crested dragonewts – I tried to make the paint scheme on these simpler, as befits dragonewts in their first stage
Another crested one. They seem similar to the Lance and Laser figures, but aren’t shown on the page of their miniatures at https://wellofdaliath.chaosium.com/home/catalogue/miniatures/lance-and-laser-miniatures-2002/
The third of the crested ones – same type of klanth, but some kind of sword-catcher in the right-hand? Ah – it’s a gami: https://glorantha.fandom.com/wiki/Dragonewt_Weaponry#Gami
And finally, a warrior on a demibird

The world of Anaria

Which probably bears an actionable similarity to Greyhawk, but is also rather different. Plus I don’t like the direction that the Living Greyhawk campaign took. So my version keeps the same map (which I have always loved), and a lot of the same kingdoms, but put a new, less anthropocentric spin on the history. There are going to be a lot more elves…

So once, there was a great Elfish kingdom to the west, beyond the what are now the Barrier Peaks. Back then, this was a fertile land, not the Sea of Dust that it now is. And this kingdom became an empire – it conquered lands to the west that are beyond the knowledge of men now living, and it sent expeditions into the east, where it found forests and scattered tribes of men, that it dominated, and used to fell trees for its insatiable needs. And it warred with the elvish clans to the north, who roamed the great steppe, fierce archers on fleet horses who lived only for their freedom under the wide skies.

And the empire of S’el became darker and more decadent as it expanded. Its people gave themselves over to dark pleasures and depraved desires, and the spires of their cities echoes with the screams of tortured and pain. But ever were the clans of the north a thorn in their sides, and their greatest warriors rode to battle on great dragons that breathed fire. And they had no homes upon the steppe, but were ever on the move, falling back when assaulted, and striking again when least expected.

So the great mages of the S’El created a great magic, and wove their greatest spells into one great spell that would scourge all the northern plains. But the shamen of the northern clans felt the spell as it grew and grew, and they called upon their spirits of land and water, sky and earth, and the wrought their spells in return. Finally the hammer fell and the Invoked Devastation fell upon the northern plains, and the grass and trees withered and died. But the shamen of the north were powerful too, although they could not stop the spell entirely. But they could turn some of its power away, so not all life on the plains was extinguished, and they mixed the power they had turned away with the pain of the desecrated land, and drove it back on S’El. The mages of S’El were arrogant, and never expected the clans of the north to master such power. Few saw its coming , and fewer still escaped the Rain of Colourless Fire which fell upon S’El. Everything the rain touched turned to dust, and the whole great land of S’El – its rivers and forests and fields and people became a great sea of chocking dust.

Thus passed S’El into history.

But some of its people escaped, either because they had been in the east when the Rain fell, or they felt its coming and managed to escape.

To the east of S’El, beyond the mountains, was a fair land – a great valley watered by two great rivers. Here they tried to recreate the kingdom of S’El in exile – they rounded up the human tribes as slaves, and built new cities. Some of the elves already dwelling here had been remote garrisons of S’El, who were happy enough to help this endeavour, but many were those who had fled S’El at the shame of its depraved practices. In time, these scattered elves gathered their strength, and then, freeing the human slaves, they struck at the few remaining S’El mages. Many were slaughtered, but a few escaped, across the sea, yet further to the east.

In this newly freed land, many of the free elves settled down with the men who they had freed, and together created the Kingdom of K’el, which is now called the High Kingdom of Keoland. Keoland is probably the place in all of Oerth where men and elves are most at peace with each other. Indeed there are few in Keoland who could claim to be entirely elven or entirely human, so much is their blood mixed. And they claim that they have the best attributes of both races. Certainly Keoland is known as a kingdom that is ruled fairly and justly. The Kingdom itself contains many realms, all of which recognise the suzerainty of the High Kingdom, but many of which are to all intents and purposes independent. The most notable are the Yeomanry in the east, which is a human realm for those who hold to the purity of human blood, and the Celene in the west, which is the only pure-blooded elven realm in the High Kingdom.

The High King himself (or herself) is elected from those of royal blood by a council of barons, and serves for a term of twenty years, whether man or elf or any mixture of the two. The Keoish say that this practice of short reigns is what saves them from the decadence and decline of the Great Kingdom.

Which now brings us to the mention of the Great Kingdom. For when those elves who had been ousted from K’El fled east, across the sea, they found a new realm; a kingdom of men that flourished in the wide lands between the two seas. Unlike the land between the two rivers, this was no scattering of tribes that could be easily dominated, and their numbers were further reduced even from the scattered remnants that had fled S’El. But those of them that remained were those that were most cunning and puissant in dark magic. And so they came not in might, but under darkness, and cover of night. And they worked their way into the shadows of the Great Kingdom, watching and waiting; luring men into dark cults and enthralling those close to the halls of power. Gradually, their influence increased, as, disguised by their glamours, they took up their positions around the throne. Gradually, the Great Kingdom descended into factionalism and strife. Some men were tools of the dark elves, and others turned to other sources of power in order to counter them. The Great Kingdom split into a myriad of warring kingdoms. In some elves remained in the shadows, in others, they ascended the throne. All made pacts with dark powers to better dominate the others. The most successful of these were some kingdoms of the south that started to worship a serpent god – their deity granted them the power to become mighty serpents themselves, and create slave armies of serpent men. For a time, it seemed as if their legions would dominate all of the east, but the elves, emerging from the darkness and opposing themselves to the openly depraved behaviour of the serpent people, were able to fully use their magical power for the first time. The war was long and bloody, but gradually the serpent men were forced back, finally across the Azure Sea to the jungles of Amedio. The elves of S’El were able to set themselves up as the saviours of the Great Kingdom, and the greatest amongst them ascended to the golden throne of the new Great Kingdom.

The hearts of the elves of S’El were always dark however, and gradually they reverted to their former ways, as they pulled all power into their own hands. Their lives were many generations of those of men, and gradually men cam to resent and hate their new masters for their power, their immortality and their ruthlessness. Plots were hatched, and rebellions and uprisings became ever more frequent. At the same time, men of power dabbled again in pacts with dark powers in order to give themselves the power and lifespan of their elven masters. In the end, the elves were overthrown, but the men who raised themselves to the ruling class were every bit as depraved and degenerate, as well as long lived as their former masters. Thus the Great Kingdom stagnated, and became a dark place where the peasantry groaned and cowered in their villages, working for their feudal lords in dark castles between grim forests where dark creatures lurked.

2300AD character starship

Still thinking about the starship that the characters in my possibly-never-to-happen campaign will have.

The broad outlines are fine – I want an oldish survey vessel; decommissioned from the Royal Navy and being used by the Royal Society for xenology and survey purposes.

The original concept wasn’t quite working because of the habitat modules and the need to have two landers – I think it would be very dangerous to only have a single lander to access unknown worlds, but the hangarage for two was taking up too much of the ship.  Having two spin modules forced an inconvenient split in accommodation and working space which was very unergonomic.

There was also an issue with quarantine – watching lots of SG-1 reinforced my belief that any ground crew would need to be segregated on return for several days or weeks in case they infected the entire rest of the ship – so there needed to be a whole quarantine area, which is more space.

Plus there seemed to be a need to duplicate laboratory space in the main ship, but also in modules that could be landed on the surface, which then led to modular shuttles and lots of interface trips, which are very fuel intensive in 2300AD.

The design of the new Marseilles class liner gave me a great idea.  Rather than having a lander ferrying people to the surface, put all the scientists, laboratories and ATVs in two large interface landers, each massing 100 tons displacement and capable of interface travel.  In orbit these then dock at the ends of two arms via a top clamp, forming the spin modules for the scientists to live in and conduct research in orbit.  These then detach and land on the surface, where they are used as ground stations.  And when they return, they are self contained quarantine zones as well.

So the stats for the Explorer class landers are:

Hull: 100 dT streamline airframe self-sealing hull

0.5 MW New Commercial MHD power-plant with 100% radiators

0.01 MW closed loop recycling Fuel Cell backup power-plant, with Solar Panels

Air-breathing fusion thrusters, max acceleration 2G, max speed 2,000 km/h

344 m3 fuel

2 man cockpit

6 full size staterooms

4 laboratories

56 m3 of cargo hold

bay for a standard 15 dT Explorer class ATV


World of Xoth

Thinking of setting a new ‘swords and sorcery’ campaign for David and Adrian in the World of Xoth.

I like to visualise my campaign worlds to help create atmosphere, and in this case, like most S&S campaign worlds, the nations have fairly clear historical analogues (which I used to think was lazy, but I now realise is really useful to help players relate to the campaign world if they don’t have time to immerse themselves in the background).

In this case, I might get half a dozen 25mm wargaming figures for each nation and paint them up, to give a view of what the average soldier is wearing and to use as guardsmen and city watch.

So the nations in the World of Xoth, and their analogues (for me) are:

Mazania – black amazons – find some nude amazon warriors

Azimba –

Shoma –

Ikuna – zulus (Wargames Factory do some plastic zulus)

Zadj – Persia – sassanid persians – always wanted to paint a few of them.

Yar-Ammon – egyptians

Jairan – Arabs

Khazistan – turkish ghilmen

Susrah – Seleucids?

Taraam – Assyrians?

Nabastis – Myceneans or classical greeks

Lamu – pale men in long robes? Slavs?

Sea Reavers – arab pirates/Sinbad

Messing around in stutterspace

Having done the Chinese arm, my next effort has been to try and do a new map of the French arm based on Constantine’s updated near star list.  However I found I was running into problems because I was relying on a variety of websites to tell me the distances between stars, and sometimes they contradicted each other, or sometimes they just didn’t have the stars that I was interested in (but that Constantine was showing as being within 7.7 ly).  Now the simple solution would have been to have used Astrosynthesis like he does, but I have a very old Mac Mini at home, and it is a PC piece of software, so that was out.  And anyway, I didn’t want all of the features of Astrosynthesis, just something that would tell me the distance between two coordinates, which is Pythagoras.  So I decided that the simplest thing would be to knock up a quick script (not my first thought though – that was to do it in Excel, which is possible, but produces a matrix that is very sparsely populated, and very difficult to read).  Normally I would script something in php, but a friend had been extolling the virtues of Python, so I decided to use it as an opportunity to learn some basic Python as well.

The input is designed to be a simple csv file of star coordinates, names and characteristics.  The output, in this version, is a text file and html file, listing each star in alphabetical order, with the distances to all the stars that are within 7.7 ly.

The python script is:

import math
from operator import itemgetter

def main(filepath):
 star_data = []
 nav_data = []
 import_position_data(filepath, star_data)
 calculate_distances(star_data, nav_data)

def import_position_data(filepath, star_data):
 input_f = open(filepath, 'r')
 for line in input_f:
  line_data = line.split(',')

def calculate_distances(star_data, nav_data):
 for star_a in star_data:
  this_nav_data = star_a
  for star_b in star_data:
   if star_a[2] != star_b[2]:
    distance = math.sqrt(
    (float(star_a[3]) - float(star_b[3]))**2
    +(float(star_a[4]) - float(star_b[4]))**2
    +(float(star_a[5]) - float(star_b[5]))**2)
    if distance <= 7.7:
     this_route_data = [star_b[2], distance, star_b[3], star_b[4], star_b[5]] 
     del this_route_data
   del this_nav_data

def write_output_file(nav_data):
 # sort into Star name order
 sorted_nav_data = sorted(nav_data, key=itemgetter(2))
 output_f = open("star_distances.txt", 'w')
 for star in sorted_nav_data:
  output_f.write('=' * 40 + '\n')
  output_f.write(star[2] + '\n')
  output_f.write('-' * 20 + '\n')
  output_f.write(star[9] + '\n')
  output_f.write('X coordinate: ' + star[3] + '\n')
  output_f.write('Y coordinate: ' + star[4] + '\n')
  output_f.write('Z coordinate: ' + star[5] + '\n')
  distance_from_sol = math.sqrt(
  output_f.write('Distance from Sol: ' + str(distance_from_sol)[0:4] + ' ly\n')
  for neighbour in star[12:]: 
   output_f.write(neighbour[0] + " at " + str(neighbour[1])[0:4] + "ly\n")
  del distance_from_sol

def write_html_file(nav_data):
 # sort into Star name order
 sorted_nav_data = sorted(nav_data, key=itemgetter(2))
 output_f = open("star_distances.html", 'w')
 for star in sorted_nav_data:
  output_f.write('<h2>' + star[2] + '</h2>\n')
  output_f.write('<p>Type: ' + star[9] + '</p>\n')
  output_f.write('<p>X coordinate: ' + star[3] + '</p>\n')
  output_f.write('<p>Y coordinate: ' + star[4] + '</p>\n')
  output_f.write('<p>Z coordinate: ' + star[5] + '</p>\n')
  distance_from_sol = math.sqrt(
  output_f.write('<p>Distance from Sol: ' + str(distance_from_sol)[0:4] + ' ly</p>\n')
  for neighbour in star[12:]:
   output_f.write('<p>' + neighbour[0] + " at " + str(neighbour[1])[0:4] + "ly</p>\n")
  del distance_from_sol

if __name__ == '__main__':
 import sys
 if len(sys.argv) > 1:
  main('Raw Star Data.csv')

Formatting isn’t great but you get the idea…

The one problem with this… One of the many problems with this, is that the txt file it produces is about 600 pages long if I do it for stars with 100 ly of Sol.  Which is a wonderful academic astronomical resource, but not as useful as a practical 2300AD astrogation resource.  So we need to trim out the stars that we can’t possibly reach using a 7.7 ly stutterwarp.  First step is to remove all the stars which have no other star within 7.7 ly, because they are obviously inaccessible.  Next and more difficult step is to trim out the stars that have no route to Sol, which is more difficult and computationally intensive, but it occurs to me that if I start near Sol, and store the routes as I find them, then all I need to do is find a connection to a star that is already on a route and I know that it must connect to Sol.

2300AD – The Chinese Arm

2300AD is a role playing game that I have admired from afar for a very long time, and have finally persuaded some friends to play (with me GMing).

A key part of a good SF RPG is the background – futuristic enough to be fun but close to now and limited enough to have texture, and avoid the genericism that plagued Traveller (when you have seen one A988786 planet, you have seen them all).

2300AD is wonderfully limited and ‘hard’ and a key part of this is the realistic near-star list, the only problem being that the list of stars near to Earth has dramatically changed since the ’70s.  My trawling of the intertubes has however discovered a wonderful website by a chap who refers to himself as the Evil Dr Ganymede, and this includes a wonderfully scientific updating of the near-star list, which also involves moving a bunch of the colonies in the rules around, because the stars they were round have moved in the intervening period.

I’m going to use his list rather than the canon one, because the accuracy appeals to me.  I had decided to start my players in the Chinese Arm, because the Ebers appeal to me, and because the French Arm is a bit over-used.  So the first step for me has been to take the maps on his Chinese Arm page and hand-draw my own ‘tourist’ map for the arm, showing the pertinent features that the players need to know in tube map style.  So here it is:

Tourist Map of the Chinese Arm for 2300AD
Tourist Map of the Chinese Arm for 2300AD

Another project

Another project to add to my long list (why do none of them ever get finished?) is to restart the Glorantha Borderlands campaign that basically got dropped halfway through an assault on a newtling temple (I can’t remember why). Anyway, I think the key now, since none of my players will read any background material at all, it to have the right Praxian figures to give them the clues to remind them the world they are supposed to be in. So I am going to be collecting lots of links to Amerindian figures and bison, which is why they will start appearing in the links section.

Spotting the details

Its only when you have photographed a figure and are cropping it that you notice the bits you have missed:

Note to self – need to do the eyes and the suns on his knees…

Old School

Coming soon, some photos from America, but while I sort out the decent ones from the 700 that I took (the joy and curse of digital photography) here are some photos of some RPG figures that I have been painting recently. I have a couple of boxes of old RPG figures, some dating back to when I first started in the eightes, and mostly unpainted. Since I started RPGing again we have started using them again and so I have started painting and repainting them (believe it or not my painting skills were even worse 20 years ago). Here are a couple that I have done; first a female cleric figure:

Female Cleric

And also a plate armoured warrior (normally used in the evil antagonist role, but actually quite appropriate as a cleric as well since he has a flail):

Plate armoured warrior or cleric

Then one of the rare ones painted for me by Petra. I think this was originally one of the Elric with Stormbringer figures, but I bought a couple of them to use as high elf command figures. This one then got painted by Petra to her colour scheme, so I am now using it as an RPG figure because I can’t paint a whole unit to match…

Elric of Melnibone

The new combat system…

…as used this evening. And when I say new, I mean stolen from Pendragon.

This is to avoid the problem with high-skill Runequest where combat is just a series of successfully parried attacks. Realistic, in that two highly trained swordsmen will keep fencing with each other, but tedious because it is only resolved as fatigue starts reducing skill levels.

So instead the Pendragon system. Here the aim is to roll under your skill, but more than your opponent. So there is an advantage in having a higher skill than your opponent because it gives you more headroom – the range of numbers where you are succeeding and your opponent can’t because it is more than his skill, so if he rolls higher than you he fails.

Obviously a 01-05 can’t be a critical in this system so instead your skill is, and the numbers immediately below it. So if you have a skill of 43, 42 and 43 will be a critical. 01 – 41 will be a success, but if you roll 36 and your opponent with a parry skill of 55 rolls 44, he has parried your sucessful attack.